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June 4, 2015     The Oskaloosa Independent
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P. 2 THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 2015 THE OSKALOOSA INDEPENDENT OPINION Controlling buckbrush Governor's plan toys with the poor Rhubarb: not just for pies anymore Us Statehouse insiders, who don't start to tan until tax by half a cent, from 6.15% to 6.65%, but that's not Rhubarb may be known as the pie Many of our northeast Kansas pastures have some level of brush pressure. One of the more common is buckbrush, or coralberry, a peren- nial shrub native to eastern Kansas. It produces red fruit in the fall and spreads via runners. Like many brush species, Buckbrush is an un- desirable species in grazing lands. The dense patches they form tend to shade out desirable species, reducing grazing area. With that in mind, how do we control it? For non-chemical control, remove top growth after the plants have leafed out (when root carbohydrate levels are low). Prescribed burning is a good option - if done late in the spring for two or three years consecu- tively. Early to mid-May mowing for two to three consecutive years can reduce stands as well. K-State Research & Extension Rangeland Management Specialist Dr. Walt Fick's work shows some good effectiveness to herbicide ap- plications, too. Time applications to coincide with the low point of the carbohydrate cycle. This is typically when the leaves are just starting to change from a light to dark green color. If buckbrush is your only target, 2,4-D at a rate of 1.5 to 2 lbs./acre can be effective. If you are also after other species (musk thistle, etc...), Fick suggests you may also want to consider Chaparral (aminopyralid + metsulfuron) or Grazon P+D (piclo- ram + 2, 4-D). Use caution when ap- plying Chaparral to cool season grass stands (brome/fescue) and always read the label when considering the use of herbicides. For more specific recommendations, check out the 2015 KSU Chemical Weed Control Guide, available at the district office. 17-Year periodical cicada In the summer 1998, periodical cicada females bred and laid eggs. Seventeen years later, we have the aftereffects! Seventeen year periodical cicadas are creating quite a buzz right now, and it's one that could continue for a David Hallauer Meadowlark District Extension Agent Crops, Soils, Horticulture 4-H and Youth KSU Research and Extension emaih dhallaue @ oznet.ksu.edu bit! Newly emerging periodical cica- das are hatching now. Their distinc- tive appearance (black body, blood- red beady eyes and orange-veined clear/transparent wings), gives them away for sure, but that doesn't mean the first few you see won't throw you! Even if you don't see them, the distinctive high pitched buzzing (the males calling to attract females for mating) tends to alert you to their presence. In addition to the noise they create, cicadas also produce mud emergence holes in the ground as nymphs emerge as well as lots of skins from which the adult cicadas have emerged. The egg laying activities can also kill tree branch tips, causing the appearance of dead branch tips (the damage is aesthetic only). Following mating, the female will use her ovipositor to slice into and create cavities in twigs into which she will insert up to 20 eggs. This will be repeated until she deposits up to around 600 eggs in total. Six to 10 weeks later, the newly hatched nymphs drop to the soil and burrow into the ground until emerging again - in 2032! For a full rundown on the 17-year periodical cicada- including pictures! - Check out the Kansas Insect News- letter available at: entomology.k- state.edu/doc/Newsletters/2015/ KSInsectNewsletter4.pdf Ask Dr. Universe00 What are the cookies used on gadgets? --Lydia, 8, Essex, Eng- land   : Dear Lydia, A cookie is a tiny file of text that gathers information about you as you browse the web. You might be familiar with cookies if your computer has ever asked if you wanted to turn them on or off. Lot's say you want to go visit your favorite website. Maybe it is one with cat videos. Humans seem to love cat videos, especially the ones where we are doing something silly. You open up a web browser and type in the web address, which starts out with H-T-T-P. HTTP is a kind of language the World Wide Web uses to communicate. Browsers can understand this language, too. The browser uses HTTP to ask a server to send you to the website. Sometimes the website will also send along a cookie, too. "Your browser eats it and keeps it," said my friend Aaron Crandali. He is a computer scientist and engineer at Washington State University who told me all about web cookies. Every time your browser starts a conversation with a website, it is as if they are meeting for the first time. But cookies let a web site know your browser has visited before. Cookies help remember which language you like to read when you are on a site. They can also remember your email username and passwords. That way you don't have to log in each time. It can be pretty handy. Cookies can be a real treat for advertisers, too. For example, cookies can help businesses learn that you like watching cat videos. Then they can use the information about your behavior to advertise other things you might want to buy, like cat sweaters or cat mugs. Because cookies can track behavior online, they have caused a lot of hoopla, Crandall said. People were a little worried about privacy when cookies were first invented. "They were a very interesting invention when they came out," said Crandall. "Highly controversial." The reason cookies were invented was actually to make it possible for the website to keep track of a browser when it visited again. This made exiting new things possible on the web, such as shopping online. Without the cookie, websites couldn't remember what you put in your shopping cart once you left the site. Once people learned more about cookies and what they actually did, everyone calmed down a bit. Now, people can go into their privacy set- tings and change how cookies are used on their device or delete them. People can take a look inside their "cookie jar" to see the kind of cookies that are at work. While web cookies are tiny files, they play a big role when it comes to how the web works today. Now, if only our gadgets could send us a chocolate chip or oatmeal raisin cookie to snack on while we're browsing the web, too. Got a question?Ask Dr. Universe! Send an e-mail to Washington State University's resident cat-scientist and writer Wendy Sue Universe at Dr. Universe@wsu.edu or visit her website at askdruniverse.com. An Understanding of Horses HORSE BARN ] RIDING ARENA ] HAY STORAGE Starting Thursday, June 11 k SIj 5 to 7 p.m. I Hat. weekly through the summer.  Vendors Welcome. No Charge 106 Goldenrod 0zawkie, KS ,  .o the 4th of July and are fascinated by little political gim- micks that most regular people don't notice are...well, fascinated again. This time, it is Gov. Sam Brownback's new tax plan, At The Rail by Martin Hawver the one that raises more than $400 million in taxes for the state budget with- out inconveniencing those 330,000 Kansans who make their livings by owning cer- tain types of businesses. That lucky 330,000 make their livings by re- ceiving "non-wage" income from Limited Liability Cor- porations, subchapter S corporations or are owner- operators of their business- es which since 2012 have been exempt from Kansas income taxes. They like it like that. But with the budget deficit staring lawmakers in the face, and a governor who has been...a dab irrelevant in the tax-raising business this year, Brownback has come up with a plan that--good or bad--is politically fascinating. Because this is being written before we know whether the plan is adopted or not, let's just look at its themes. The concept, stripped to its bones, is to raise the sales tax by half a cent on everything you can buy at retail in Kansas, plus 50 cents a pack for cigarettes and eliminate Kansas individual income tax on about 388,000 low-income Kansans. Political junkies can read the House and Senate re- election campaign ads already:"XXX voted to eliminate income taxes on low-income Kansans." Does it get any better than that for a re-election campaign? Lower taxes on the poor? Almost, but doesn't quite, bring a lump to your throat. Or... "XXX voted to make poor people continue to pay state income taxes," or "wouldn't cut taxes for the poor." Is there a candidate who wants that headline on a postcard along with a nice photo of the candidate and his/her name and party affiliation? Didn't think so. Now, that Brownback plan also raises the sales going to be noticed much by middle- and higher-income taxpayers because it's not much of an increase, and the wealthier of Kansans spend a lower percentage of their money on food and diapers for the baby. There is no sales tax on stocks and bonds. Now, those low-income folks who spend most of their money on food and necessities may notice that half- percent increase; the governor can say "you're saving on that pesky income tax, so it probably equals out." Statisticians, or those with calculators and a little time, figure the low-income tax cut costs the state $19 million in lost revenue in the upcoming fiscal year, an average of about $48 for each of those 388,000 Kan- sans who won't owe income taxes if the plan is OK'd. That $48 covers the half-cent sales tax increase (which raises about $234 million in total) for about $9,600 in purchases. Not sure whether those who qualify for the income tax elimination which exempts from taxation the first $5,000 of income of single tilers, $10,500 of single-head- of-household tilers and $12,500 for joint tilers, spend less than $9,600 on food and stuffwhich carries a sales tax. Some might, some might not. Politically...do you vote to cut income taxes for the relatively poor, while boosting their sales taxes, along with everyone else's? Do you use the income tax cut as a diversion so the sales tax can be raised to protect the tax exemptions for those LLC folks? Or, do you spend time explaining to the relatively poor--and no, we don't know their party affiliations, House and Senate districts, just the counties in which they live--that they are just a diversion so those LLC folk don't get bothered with taxes especially in the spring when they might be shopping for new boats or negotiating for lawn service? The whole tax plan can be stretched so many ways; whether it is good public policy or not almost fades " away for some politics watchers awaiting it to be used for campaigning. And, yes, we're thinking someone ought to get up a support group for those folks... Syndicated by Hawver News Company LLC of Topeka; Martin Hawver is publisher of Hawver's Capitol Report--to learn more about this statewide political news service, visit the website at hawvernews.com. 2015 Old Settlers Festival to ,nclude Soap Box Derby by Rick Nichols Boys and girls, get to building! You've got work to do! When the 2015 version of the an- nual Old Settlers Festival begins to unfold in downtown Oskaloosa three weeks from today (June 4), celebra- tion-goers can look forward to taking in a new event: a Soap Box Derby. That's right, the competition that has appealed to Cub Scouts across America for years will be part of this year's three-day"blowout" around the courthouse square. The USD 341 Mamma Bears are hosting the derby in conjunction with the organizers of the OSF. The event is scheduled for 1 p.m. Saturday, June 27, but the deadline to register is June 19, so you might want to find your red marker and mark the date on your calendar so you'll be sure not to miss it. The fee to enter the race is $15, but if someone from the same family also wants to get in on the action, he or she will need to come up with just $I0. Only homemade cars will be al- lowed to race in the derby. But the same car can be used by multiple drivers, according to Fawn Delk, who is in charge of the event. Four age groups have been estab- lished for the derby and they are as follows: 0-5, 6-12, 18-18 and 19 and older. That's right, dad and morn, you, too, can climb behind the wheel and try to beat the competition to the finish line. Delk told the paper Friday morn- ing that the Mamma Bears were plan- ning to award gold, silver and bronze medals to the top three finishers in each age group. Anyone who has a question about the derby is encouraged to call Delk at 1-785-806-4974 or 785-863-2438. The ll4th annual Old Settlers Festival is scheduled to run Thurs- day through Saturday, June 25-27, and will feature appearances by four bands, Sierra Band, Second Wind, Lost and Found, and Sellout, and performances by two dance groups, Entertainment Dance Company and Studio Chanel and Company. Also planned is a main parade 1st Presbyterian Church Jefferson & Cherokee Oskaloosa, Kansas , v ,  a  Serving all A' of Jefferson o County  Worship (-s  10 a.m. 1 1-oow-tfc (not to be confused withthe chil- dren's parade), which will take place Saturday evening, and the second annual Anchor of Hope 5K Run, the proceeds from which will be used to help meet the needs of less fortunate students in USD 341. Gwen Atkinson is in charge of both the latter event and a new event to be held Thursday, Got Going with Gwen - An Evening of Zumba! More information about the Zumba activity will appear in next week's issue of the paper. Back to provide a multitude of thrills for the younger set through rides and other amusements will be Evans Midland Empire Shows Inc., of Plattsburg, Mo. John and Peggy Ev- ans, the owners of the company, have been bringing a carnival to Oskaloosa for the OSF for more than 30 years now. The following schedule was made available to the paper last week by Matt Miller, one of the organizers of the OSF: Thursday, June 25 5 p.m. -- Pork Burger Stand (OSF Committee) 5 -- Dave Kellum's Oakiey Creek Catering 6 -- Midland Empire Carnival ($18 wristband night) 6 -- Wine Garden 6 -- Ice Cream Social (Jefferson County Humane Society) 6:30-- GOt Going with Gwen--An Evening of Zumba[ 7:15 -- Entertainment Dance Company 8 -- OSF Summer Concert Series featuring Sierra Band Friday, June 26 5 p.m. -- Pork Burger Stand (OSF Committee) 5 -- Dave Kellum's Oakley Creek Catering 5 -- Registration for Kiddie Pedal Power 6 -- Midland Empire Carnival IIll00 Paul Courter t Jll00 I1511t J3rd Generation Fence Builder llllllll II)l(ll (er 35 years in Jefferson Count 111 =;I II00lll00 913-961-8832 }lI00l ($20 wristband night) 6--Wine Garden (beer will be sold on the street to those "of age") 6 -- Ice Cream Social (Oskaloosa Rotary Club) 6 to 7 -- Kiddie Pedal Power spon- sored by Giant Communications 7 -- Hay Bale Toss 9 to midnight -- OSF Summer Concert Series featuring Second Wind ....... Saturday, June 27 8 a.m. to noon -- Full Country Breakfast (Jefferson County Humane Society) 8--Methodist Women's Food Sale under the Food Tent 8 -- Anchor of Hope 5K Run 9 -- Young Settlers Parade (i.e., pets and decorated bicycles) and Games (i.e., egg toss, water balloon toss, turtle race and tug-of-war) 11 to 1 p.m. -- Hot Dog Extrava- ganza at the Oskaloosa United Meth- odist Church Noon to 9 -- Beagle Bounce spon- sored by the Jefferson County Hu- mane Society 1 -- Soap Box Derby hosted by USD 341 Mamma Bears 4:30 -- OSF Summer Concert Series featuring Lost and Found 5-- Pork Burger Stand (OSF Com- mittee) 5 -- Dave Kellum's Oakley Creek Catering 6 -- Midland Empire Carnival ($20 wristband night) 6 to 11 --Wine Garden (beer will be sold on the street to those "of age") 6 -- Ice Cream Social (Oskaloosa Ball Association) 6 -- Parade (to be preceded by the singing of the National Anthem by Jenny Best) 7:15 -- Studio Chanel and Com- pany 8:30 to 11:30 -- OSF Summer Concert Series featuring Sellout More information about the OSF can be obtained by calling Miller at 785-640-5984. He also can be reached by way ofemail. The address is piano- ismylife28@yahoo.com. For those who are so inclined, the final two days of the three-day affair will coincide with a demonstration at Old Jefferson Town during which draft horses will be used in the cut- ting and raking of hay. An article about the event, which is being called Haying with Horses, appeared in last week's issue of the paper. [:: ...... Plastic Table Cover is available at Independent I "607 Delaware Oskaloosa plant, but it is much more versatile than that. This tart stalk, colored deep red and topped with broad, bright- green leaves, grows in backyards and around farm buildings without much attention. The brightly colored stalks can be found in supermarkets as well as in farmer's markets during the season. Some children even like to chew the stalks once it has been picked. Rhubarb, a spring tonic for vita- min C and calcium, is an easy and versatile fruit to use, although it provides only a moderate source of fiber. One of the drawbacks is that because it is so tart, most recipes call for more sugar than most other desserts. As with other vegetables, 2 cups cooked rhubarb is considered a serving. A serving without sugar is only 29 calories, but with sugar it is 139 calories. By combining the stalks with fruits, like strawberries, the sugar content can be lowered quite a bit. Field-grown rhubarb is on the mar- ket shelves between April and June in most areas. Choose stalks that are well-colored, good-sized, straight, and firm. Sometimes rhubarb is sold with the leaves attached; they should be fresh-looking and crisp. Avoid stalks that are Wilted or flabby. After cutting off the leaves, wash the stalks. Store them in a plastic bag in the crisper of the refrigerator. Use within one week. (Caution rhubarb leaves contain a toxic substance that makes them poisonous. Be sure the leaves are removed before using the stalks. Discard them without cooking or eating.) Before cooking, trim stalks at the top and bottom. Trim any bruised spots. Wash stalks. For sauces or stewing, cut the rhubarb into 1-inch to 2-inch chunks. If the stalks are fresh, the fibers can be cut easily and will soften when cooked. The two popular cooking meth- ods include baking and stewing for sauces. Rhubarb sauce is made by placing the cut pieces in a saucepan. A stainless steel or Teflon-coated pan is preferred. Rhubarb is a highly Cindy Williams Meadowlark District Extension Agent Food, Nutrition, FNP 4-H and Youth KSU Research and Extension ernail: cwilliam @ oznet.ksu.edu acidic and may react to some metals such as aluminum. Add 2/3 cup of water to the pan, and bring to a boil. Add 4 cups of cut rhubarb (six to eight stalks). Reduce heat, and simmer over low heat for about five minutes, or until rhubarb is tender. Add sugar to taste; between 3/4 to 1 cup is suf- ficiently sweet for most people. If you like less sugar, start with a smaller amount and taste-test the fruit before serving. Cold rhubarb sauce will not taste as sweet. Consider making this rhubarb recipe for a change of pace. Rhubarb Salsa 2 cups fresh rhubarb, finely diced 1/2 cup sweet red pepper, chopped 1/2 cup sweet yellow pepper, chopped 1/2 cup fresh cilantro 3 green onions, finely chopped 1 chili pepper, minced and seeded 2 Tablespoons fresh lime juice Brown sugar to taste Salt to taste Ground black pepper to taste Wash hands and work area. Blanch rhubarb in a saucepan in boiling wa- ter for 10 seconds. Strain under cold water, drain. Place in a glass bowl. Add remaining ingredients; mix well, Store in refrigerator no longer than one week. Nutrition Facts: Calories-140, To- tal fat-1 g, Cholesterol-0 mg, Sodium- 15 mg, Carbohydrate-31 g, Fiber-7 g and Protein-4 g. CoW?00kBOuY'S Faith I Influential Friendship Prevails Eccentricity Tom was and remains our hero. When one passes, the life is re- flected. In depreciating health ex- tended time, Tom had been away, and departed during the winter. With no close relatives, rites weren't until now. Exactly two dozen were in atten- dance as the brief formal Mass was said, with few words about the Tom we knew. Frightful that'd be the case, we're glad weren't fewer, even though included three ministry, and seven distant relation. Sad when one has lived long, known many and served more, yet receives so little reverence. Unique in his own right, clearly was Tom, and aren't we all, if hon- estly branded? Seeming to have always known Tom, remembering six decades ago when his mom was a grocery customer, we'd deliver to their home across from the church. Tom generally met us at the kitchen door. Plumbing was the family trade that Tom followed his Dad into for lifetime career. But, the family also had a farm, where we'd hunt as a kid, and sometimes Tom worked there. Faith and church were important to Tom from early age, and due to his locale, always knew changing clergy well. Once during high school, we stopped to nose around, and Tom, always the church guardian-of-sorts, inquired our doings. Upon admitting our inquisitiveness, Tom urged com- ing back for morning services, which we did, instrumental creation of life- time devotion. Tom was sometimes called for plumbing repair, always willing to help despite inclement. Ice cream socials and auctions for- ever found Tom attending. Never did he leave a sale empty-handed, with nothing dispersed thereafter. Hoard- ing created neighbor disgruntlement. Yet, if we needed something, Tom had it. Buying our windmill, Tom had a major ordeal dismantling it. That "great" horse Tom bought on one bid lost appeal with chores. Mom's close acquaintance, Betty became Tom's seniority companion; their blessing. Marriage at her death- bed was eternal proudness. Seldom missing daily church, sum- mers found Tom even more cooling in the spirit. Whenever crossing paths, conversations were always farming, auctions and faith. Reminds us of James 2:5:"Though friends can operate quite differently," still, First Corinthians 1:26:"Friends can be most influential." Because, James 5:10: "They went through everything, never quit, stayed the course." Thus, Luke 6:45: ',The man out of the good in his heart produces what is upright good." A Commitment to Quality Morton Buildings understands that safety & quality arc the most important factors when constructing a horse facility. That's why we manufacture many of our own components, including stalls. Eight offices serving Kansas 800-447-7436 mortonbuitdings.com MORON BUILDINGS" o 2018 Morton guildlngs, Inc. Morton Buildings is a registered traderoark of t4ortan Buildings, lnc, AU fights reserved. A listing of GC licenses available at r mortonbufldings, corn/licenses.ospx. REF CODE 043. 800-447-7436 * mortonbuitdings.com T H E O S K A L O O S A County Seat Weekly--The Official Newspaper of Jefferson County Established 1860 Six Months Older Than The State Of Kansas (USPS 412-940) A legal Jefferson County Newspaper and the official publication for McLouth, Nortonvillc, Oskaloosa, Win- chester, Jefferson County, and Unified School Districts 339, 341 and 342. Published every Thursday at Oskaloosa, Kansas 66066. Periodical Class Postage paid at Oskaloosa (KS) Post Office. Postmaster: Send address changes to: The Oskaloosa Independent, P.O. Box 278, Oskaloosa, KS 66066. Subscription rates: New and renewals: $27.00 a year mailed to a Jefferson County Post Office (tax included); $28.50 a year elsewhere in Kansas (tax included); and $35.50 a year out-of-state; in advance. Single copy, $1; plus postage if mailed. p mmmm Pm Oskaloosa Office Information P.O. Box 278 607 Delaware Oskaloosa, KS 66066 Phone (785) 863-2520 Fax (785) 863-2730 E-mail: independent@centurylink.net Owner & Publisher: Davis Publications Inc. Independent Staff Rick Nichols Peggy Collier Editor Office Manager Bookkeeping Corey Davis Production Manager www. JeffCountyNews. com