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Valley Falls , Kansas
February 9, 2017     The Oskaloosa Independent
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February 9, 2017

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- p. 9. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 2017 THE OSKALOOSA INDEPENDENT .... OPINION :--: A seven-year Weed Science Soci- :i:ety of America study indicated that ::~f weeds were left to grow without i::implementation of any control mea- :: sures, we would lose almost half our :: yield! ::7 K-State Weed Scientist Anita :[Dille was part of the study and says: 7*What we saw in corn is that we'd ::i lose over half of our yield if we didn't :: manage those weeds - a 52 percent ::jyield loss, and in soybeans, almost :: the same - 49.5 percent total yield ::" loss on average." Kansas alone would :::potentially have lost 52.6 percent of soybeans at an average financial cost of $666,435,000 per year over the seven years of the study (2007- 2013) if weeds had been left to grow .~ unchecked! We certainly don't see many losses "like that in our weed control pro- .:grams, but there's no doubt chal- lenges do exist when it comes to . keeping weed pressure at bay. That's why one of our most popular publica- ~ tions is the annual Chemical Weed ' Control Guide! It is now available ' at all three of our District Office and ': other K-State Research & Extension ' Offices across the state as well as on- "line at ' chemweedguide.pdf. Packed with information on weed control options for wheat, corn, soy- beans and grain sorghum, the guide provides approximate retail prices, application rates, weed control notes, and a chart for each crop for compar- ing herbicide effectiveness. In ad- dition to the aforementioned grain crops, the guide also has an excellent section on chemical weed control in range and pastures, another section specific to noxious weeds in Kansas, ' and even a brush control section. The ' pasture/range section also compares other control options like burning and mowing. Pick up your copy today at the of- fice or download at the link above. Weed control meetings If corn and soybean weed control David Hallauer Meadowlark District Extension Agent Crops, Soils, Horticulture KSU Research and Extension .~f~f~: ~t~l~ki~ce~, mark you] .'alendar for a K-State Research and Extension weed control meeting com- ing soon to the Meadowlark Exten- sion District. Wednesday, Feb. 22, will be our focus on corn weed control efforts with Dr. Curtis Thompson, K-State Research and Extension weed spe- cialist. He will discuss new corn herbicides and cultural practices to help reduce weed pressure and her- bicide resistance. The meeting will start with light refreshments at 9:45 with Dr. Thompson beginning his talk at 10:00 a.m. in the small meeting room of Nemaha County Community Building in Seneca. We'll have you out the door and on to your afternoon chores before 11:30. Soybean Weed Control will be the focus Friday, Feb. 24, at the Knights of Columbus Hall in Nortonville. Dr. Dallas Peterson, K-State Research and Extension weed specialist will speak from 10-11:30 a.m. on new products in soybean weed control, including Xtend soybeans and man- agement of the new dicamba formu- lations available. We'll have refresh- ments at 9:45. RSVP is not required, but is help- ful to make sure we have adequate refreshments and handouts--each participant will receive a copy of the KSU Chemical Weed Control Guide. Call by noon Feb. 21 to the office or via email to Dear Dr. Universe: What are crystals? Who discovered them? --Kennedy, 9, Little Rock, Ark. Dear Kennedy, Maybe you've caught a snowflake on your tongue. Or sprinkled salt on your food. Perhaps you've imagined what it would be like to explore a big crystal cave. Crystals come in all shapes, sizes, and colors. A lot of them are born from hot magma, deep in the Earth that cools slowly. If you look at a rock, you might even be able to spot some of these crystals. We can find crystals in nature, but engineers and scientists can also make them in labs. My friend Kelvin Lynn, a materials engineer, is really curious about crystals. He makes them in his lab here at Washington State University. Lynn explained that crystals are made up of atoms. The atoms are arranged in very particular ways. In order to be a crystal, these atoms have to form a pattern. When scientists see this pattern happening throughout a solid, they call it a crystal lattice. The opposite of a crystal is what scientists call an amorphous solid. The glass in our windows is one example. It has atoms that are not arranged in a pattern. They are much more scattered than the atoms of a crystal. Understanding a material's structure can help scientists learn more how a material behaves, Lynn explained. If it will conduct elec- tricity or heat, for example. In Lynn's lab, they are curious about how crystals can be used to create power from sunlight. As for the second part of your question, the idea of crystals and their structures has been around for hundreds of years, Lynn adds. But it wasn't until about the early 1900s that scientists could get a closer look with X-rays. Sir William Henry Bragg and his son were the first to use this technology to look at the structures of common crystals, including table salt. I decided to do a little crystal investigation of my own. After whip- ping up some eggs for breakfast, I had an idea. I cleaned out the eggshell halves and covered their insides with glue. I sprinkled them with a bit of white powder called alum from the spice section at the store. I tapped off the extra alum and let the shell sit overnight. The next day, I added some food coloring, about a cup of alum, and two cups of boiling water to a big jar. Once the water cooled, I pushed the eggshells to the bottom of the liquid. As they sat, alum powder particles falling on the eggshells started attaching to each other. They began to crystalize. Before long, they looked less like egg- shells and more like the sparkling insides of a geode. You can try some science of your own and investigate crystals, too. Find all the instruc- tions at Got a question? Ask Dr. Universe! Send an e-mail to Washington State University's resident cat-scientist and writer Wendy Sue Universe at Dr. or visit her website at ...... EY I IFIRST BAPTIST CHURCHI ii ;i I OF OSKALOOSA ] iiii ili ii ~ii II Bible Worship Study Services ............................ .............. 11 ....... a.m./6 10 a'm'l p.m. I i, ,: ss ss4 ge97 i.or.e Stud, rou, Wed ...............7 p.m.I [ I I PaulA. Reed, Pastor, 863-2328 ~l This may be the week when you grab your wallet-- or maybe consider buying a smaller one---as the House but mostly the Senate start assembling their tax- increase bills to boost the state's cashflow. The House Tax Committee will start assembling At The Rail by Martin Hawver (farms, the self-employed money to the state. its bill this week, but the Senate has one all glued together, ready for commit- tee hearings this week and maybe debate in the full Senate by week's end. Nobody's scrapping much about the provision which will tax the non-wage income of owners of those cute little LLCs that nobody knew anything about until they were declared income tax exempt in 2012. Key is that apparently most folks who actually pay Kansas income tax would like those LLCs and similar firms and such) to chip in some tax But it's the other taxes that are spine-tingling for some. The Senate bill plans to increase tax rates on the state's now-two income tax brackets, which were trimmed of a third, higher-rate bracket back in 2012 when the LLCs were taken offthe leash. Pulling money out of those LLCs, well, that's one thing. But raising general state income tax rates on folks who have been paying state income tax the last four years while their LLC neighbors bought Buicks and took cruises?...that's a whole different issue. That's where the Senate floor debate fun will start. The Senate's bill proposes to raise the rates on joint tilers with less than $30,000 in income by a total of about $54 million. More than $30,000 taxable? Look for the rate increase of the same 0.3 percent to pull about $150 million out of their pockets. But, that is only if the esti- mates of the effect of those tax increases is accurate. So, however you want to define it, the (relatively) poor pay more and the low end of the moderate-income tribe pays a little more, too. But what's noticeable is that the Senate's GOP leadership isn't willing to add a third bracket at higher rates for the crowd that sends its shirts to the laundry instead of washing and ironing them at home. Maybe those with incomes of $70,000 or $100,000 or more. The measure doesn't "tax the rich," significantly, does it? That might be for a very good reason. Some higher, third bracket would cost wealthier Kansans money that they might choose to contribute to political campaigns. Or, taxing at a higher rate above-average incomes might be expressed in economic-development argot as making Kansas a "high-tax" state for the wealthy who prob- ably won't lease beach-front retirement villas in Trego County because of that tax burden. That's the scrap. Remember, it was individuals who got major income tax reductions back in 2012, and the LLC business? That was primarily an economic devel- opment wrinkle, designed to bring businesses into the state and to free up enough money for those generally small businesses to buy a new lathe or hire an extra worker with money that would otherwise be spent on taxes by the business owners. So, what's this week look like, providing that the Senate actually gets its bill out of committee and onto the floor for debate? The bill won't raise enough money to solve the revenue shortage---that's almost certain to require spending cuts that so far aren't clear in either amount or whether they will happen. That's still a strategy for lawmakers who don't want to read about raising taxes on their opponents' campaign flyers in two or four years. Not enough information, not willing to vote for tax increases if they don't know how much money the Legislature intends to spend. Not enough information to see whether the budget will bal- ance, which is the real job here. Not sure anything gets settled this week, but we'll at least see the start of this dance. Syndicated by Hawver News Company LLC of Topeka; Martin Hawver is publisher of Hawver's Capitol Report--to learn more about this statewide nonpartisan political news service, visit the website at /i ..... I How does the Big 12 compare with the other major conferences? That question won't be answered until the NCAA Tournament is completed. Talent is balanced in the Big 12 as evidenced by the upsets last Saturday. Kansas, Baylor, and West Virginia lost games at home to underdogs; Iowa State beating KU was the biggest shocker, K-State whipping Baylor in Waco was a close second, and Oklahoma State defeating West Virginia at Morgan- town completed the day of upsets. Kansas was still all alone in first place, but the Jayhawks are beset with internal problems. Without trying to go into details that haven't been clearly disclosed, several play- ers on KU's thin roster have been causing problems. How serious and how involved the players are hasn't been clarified, but it's all coming at an inappropriate time. Coach Bill Self recognizes the is- sues and said,"I'll be honest, I think we've done just about as good as we can do. But it's not easy. I mean the kids are tired... I thought that we looked a little fatigued the second half and that's more mental than physical." Self has to decide what he's going to do about the suspended Carlton Bragg--he either should play him or send him packing. Bragg hasn't been anything close to special, but KU needs the depth he provides in the worst way. And Bragg needs the playing time if he's going to make necessary improvement. KU's program is in disarray with the media talking and writing of little else while diagnosing the Jay- hawks and their internal issues. So, round and round we go and where it ends nobody knows. Kansas State's football team is loaded for the 2017 season and the Wildcats' only possible position prob- lem is at linebacker. K-State lost all of their startinglinebackers from the 2016 team. Coach Bill Snyder and his staffput that worry to rest by signing two first-class recruits. Daniel Green (6-3,228) from Port- land, Ore., is a highly rated LB who originally committed to Southern California; he was also pursued by Utah, Oregon State, and Mississippi. Snyder is elated with the signing and said, "I like the fact that Green is a very aggressive player. He has good speed and quickness. He has good size to go along with it, and he flies around and just hits you. He is a good, aggres- sive tackler and does it in open space well. In our conference, you are tack- ling in open space more often than not. He is pretty good about those things in particular? Green is rated as the 10th best inside linebacker in the nation by K-State has another LB signee--- who is already on campus and pre- paring for spring practice--from Trinity Valley CC, where he was an All-American last season. D~Quin Patton (6-2,215) is a middle LB who~ should complement Green, who will play on the outside. In addition to the two linebackers, Snyder signed a defensive end, Xavier Davis (6-6, 250), from Pima CC in Arizona who is a first-class addition to the 2017 team. Davis should help in replacing the graduated DE Jordan Willis. Kansas State has another class that is not highly rated by the recruit- ing services; that means nothing. Snyder has players--that aren't on national recruiting lists--from al- most all of his teams that make it in the NFL. Coach Snyder is going to have another in his long line of outstand- ing teams this fall. Football at Kansas University is on the upswing and 2017 should be the best season for the Jayhawks since David Beaty became head coach. Beaty and his staff needed run- ning backs and they signed two that appear headed for stardom. Dominic Williams (5-10, 190) from McKinney, Texas is ranked 10th on the all-time state rushing list, That's an impressive stat. Beaty is enthusiastic about Williams and said, "This will be a guy we will circle for a long time as one of the stars in his class." Octavius Matthews (6-1,200) played at Itawamba CC in Mis- sissippi. He decommitted from Auburn and had offers from Purdue and Tennessee. Beaty said of Matthews,"I would consider this one of the biggest vic- tories that we've had in this class because we had to battle some big- time places to get him all the way to the end." KU also signed TE Kenyon Tabor (6-4, 215) of Derby, the fifth- rated player in Kansas by Rivals. Beaty said, "Tabor will be a pillar in our program." Kansas signed 27 players and should--for the first time in the Beaty era--have competitive depth this fall at every position. IfKU is really coming on, that will translate into four or five wins in 2017. We'll see. Mac Stevenson has written a sports column for 23 years and ap- pears in 10 Kansas newspapers. He lives in Salina. Reach Mac at (mac- or 785-826-9200. Juveni In February marks one year of the implementation of an innovative approach to juvenile justice in South- east Kansas, with effects already im- proving the way the state addresses juvenile offenders. For the past year, courts in South- east Kansas have been employing an effective alternative to removing youth from their homes or confining them, known as Functional Family Therapy. Now this data-driven combi- nation of therapy and supervision for juvenile offenders is about to reshape the way Kansas addresses crime com- mitted by youth statewide. Extending this innovative approach statewide will further advance the state's goal to keep juveniles in their homes by using alternatives to sentencing. As Deputy Secretary of the Kan- sas Department of Corrections over Juvenile Services, I could not be more impressed by the results we are wit- nessing in Southeast Kansas. Work- ing with our contract partner Eckerd Kids, we have for the past year em- ployed FFT, a treatment strategy that has proven in other states for more than four decades to be effective at preventing juvenile offenders from committing more crimes. In February we will celebrate with Eckerd Kids the successes seen in their region of the state in just one year. Already 89 juvenile-justice- involved youth and their families entered the FFT program instead of experiencing an out-of-home place- ment or secure confinement. Of those, just three were placed in out-of-home settings during FFT treatment, much improved from results of a 2014 study that found more than 51 percent of Kansas youth who were discharged from a Youth Residential Center II remained out of home six months See Justice Page 5 , Rick's For Pete's sake! I was able to visit Nortonville Mayor Edward Scott at Stormont-Vail HeMthCare in Topeka early Saturday afternoon and found him to be in good spirits all in all just five days removed from the bad accident that landed him in the hospital and sent a poor lady from Atchison by the name of Kelly Boldridge to KU Med in a helicopter. Members of the faith com- munity would do well to remember both "Pete" and Kelly in their prayers going forward, as the two of them would greatly benefit from a little "divine intervention". I also can report that in terms of his care, "Pete" was in the good hands of Leanne Chapman's daughter-in-law, nurse Jessica Chapman, the entire time that I was there and that the general thinking at the time was that the mayor would be released two days later if a bed in a rehabilitation facility could be secured. The State of the State During Kansas Press Association Day at the Statehouse last Thursday, more than one newspaperman mentioned the overall improvement in the general "climate" under the dome of the Capitol these days in the wake of the outcome of last August's primary election on the Republican side of the ledger. Gone are some (but not all, unfortunately) of the hard-liners who basically took the "It's my way or the highway" approach to getting things done in Topeka and proceeded to make a real mess of things in the process. That said, I didn't see any Republicans and Democrats holding hands and singing "Kum Ba Yah" over there the other day. Nothing from "The Donald"? Like many other Americans, I watched Super Bowl 51 with some friends Sunday night, but I kept expecting the network covering "the big game" (as businesses that are non-NFL advertisers are supposed to refer to it in their locally-transmitted radio and TV commercials) to break into the broadcast at any moment to let everyone know what our Tweeter-in-Chief had to say about the whole affair. Hey, what's up with that, Mr. President? As for the contest itself, I saw two different teams on the field, one of which reminded me a lot of the Green Bay Packers in their glory days and the other of which reminded me a lot of the current Kansas City Chiefs. All I can say is, I really feel for the fans of the Falcons right now. in urln season How are you feeling today? I hope you are feeling well and that you will enjoy a winter without having a cold or the flu. Unfortunately, I am not feeling so well as I am fighting a cold. I tried my best to prevent it. I made sure that we were all washing our hands. I made sure that everyone was get- ting enough sleep. I made sure that we were eating healthy meals. I tried everything I could think of, but I still got sick. There are still things I can do to help us get well soon. Here are the top five things I do to prevent getting sick or, if we do get sick, to help us get better fast: Wash hands frequently. Washing hands correctly is the best way to stop germs from spreading from one person to another. Wash hands after wiping noses, coughing, going to the bathroom, and before every meal and snack. Drink plenty of fluids. Most people need to drink at least eight cups of fluids every day. When we are sick, we need even more, especially if we have a fever, diarrhea, or vomiting. Choose fluids that taste good and are soothing to you. I usually choose hot tea because it feels good on my dry, scratchy throat and I like the taste of it. My husband and children prefer 100 percent fruit juice when they are sick. Eat fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals that can help our im- mune system fight off germs. Eat chicken noodle soup. Eat- Cindy Williams Meadowlark District Extension Agent Food, Nutrition, FNP 4-H and Youth KSU Research and Extension email: cwilliam @ ing chicken noodle soup when sick has many benefits. The warm broth soothes a sore throat and provides fluids. The vegetables and whole grain noodles supply our bodies with vitamins and minerals. The chicken is a lean protein that can help our im- mune systems. I try to make a large batch of chicken noodle soup and then freeze it in smaller containers so it is ready to go when I am sick and not feeling like cooking. "Spend smart. Eat Smart"has a wide variety of soup recipes. Get plenty of sleep. Most adults need seven to nine hours of sleep each night. Children need more. When we are sick, we need more sleep than usual to heal. It is OK to call in sick to work or school to get some extra rest when sick. This has an added bonus of not spreading your germs on to your friends and co-workers. by Frank Buchman People Differences Unimportant "Just watching the people go by." That's always been good time of attending horse sales, rodeos, any events, perhaps more so than initial objective for being there. Such it was manning the radio booth at the boat show, a job obliga- tion that took away from weekend ranch catchup. Rather not have been there, yet fun visiting folks. Is interesting see- ing how rest of the world lives. Of course, chance to get something free attracts many to smile and sign their name on a slip of paper put into the boot box for a giveaway. Yet, some given the opportunity contend: "No. I never win anything. It wouldn't do any good." That might be, but failing to sign up certainly guarantees never being a winner. However, hardly anybody was willing to take the fill-in-the blanks sheet to complete with country artists names when located while touring booths. Possibility of winning free concert tickets in another drawing wasn't worth additional effort. Neatest thing was the girl with roller skates built right into her ten- nis shoes. Now blinking-lighted shoes are common, but first tithe had ever seen skate-walking shoes. She'd skate across the room, and then just walk away. Reminded of five decades plus ago at the skating rank, but walking wasn't easy with skates on. Falling down always was. Baby carriages have changed a lot. They're larger, heavier, big wheels, places to carry lots more than ba- bies. Most unique was one where older sibling, maybe three-years-old, was seated on the front facing the baby. Momma had little ones with her pushing the carriage easily all around the show. Backpacks were for hikers origi- nally, but notable change through times. On education campuses, many students have backpacks apparently with books and what else. Now, men and women often have backpacks wherever they're going. Maybe more females, but every shape and size were a seeming convenience on the backs of many. Holey jeans are the fad. None the less, with shrill wind of the day, patch- ing them up would be warmer. Should not touch the subject, still paunches make no question of many he and she poor dietary. Reminds us of First Corinthians 11:10: "Don't read too much into dif- ferences among people. None can go it alone." Because, Galatians 3:26: "For in Christ Jesus, all are children of God through faith." T H E O S K A L O O S A County Seat Weekly--The Official Newspaper of Jefferson County Established 1860 * Six Months Older Than The State Of Kansas (USPS 412040) A legal Jefferson County Newspaper and the official publication for McLouth, Nortonville, Oskaloosa, Win- chester, Jefferson County, and Unified School Districts 339,341 and 342. Published every Thursday at Oskaloosa, Kansas 66066. Periodical Class Postage paid at Oskaloosa (KS) Post Office. Postmaster: Send address changes to: The Oskaloosa Independent, P.O. Box 278, Oskaloosa, KS 66066. Subscription rates: New and renewals: $28.00 a year mailed to a Jefferson County Post Office (tax included); $29.50 a year elsewhere in Kansas (tax included); and $36.50 a year out-of-state; in advance. Single copy, $1; plus postage if mailed. ~Preu @ Association Oskaloosa Office Information P.O. Box 278 607 Delaware Oskaloosa, KS 66066 Phone (785) 863-2520 Fax (785) 863-2730 E-maih independent@centurylink" net Owner & Publisher: Davis Publications Inc. Independent Staff Rick Nichols Peggy Collier Editor Office Manager Bookkeeping Corey Davis Production Manager ~. JeffCountyNews. com t